This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
ungetc — push byte back into input stream
int ungetc(int c, FILE *stream);
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2008 defers to the ISO C standard.
The ungetc() function shall push the byte specified by c (converted to an unsigned char) back onto the input stream pointed to by stream. The pushed-back bytes shall be returned by subsequent reads on that stream in the reverse order of their pushing. A successful intervening call (with the stream pointed to by stream) to a file-positioning function (fseek(), fseeko(), fsetpos(), or rewind()) or fflush() shall discard any pushed-back bytes for the stream. The external storage corresponding to the stream shall be unchanged.
One byte of push-back shall be provided. If ungetc() is called too many times on the same stream without an intervening read or file-positioning operation on that stream, the operation may fail.
If the value of c equals that of the macro EOF, the operation shall fail and the input stream shall be left unchanged.
A successful call to ungetc() shall clear the end-of-file indicator for the stream. The value of the file-position indicator for the stream after all pushed-back bytes have been read, or discarded by calling fseek(), fseeko(), fsetpos(), or rewind() (but not fflush()), shall be the same as it was before the bytes were pushed back. The file-position indicator is decremented by each successful call to ungetc(); if its value was 0 before a call, its value is unspecified after the call.
Upon successful completion, ungetc() shall return the byte pushed back after conversion. Otherwise, it shall return EOF.
No errors are defined.
The following sections are informative.
Section 2.5, Standard I/O Streams, fseek(), getc(), fsetpos(), read(), rewind(), setbuf()
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <stdio.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
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