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aio_fsync — asynchronous file synchronization
int aio_fsync(int op, struct aiocb *aiocbp);
The aio_fsync() function shall asynchronously perform a file synchronization operation, as specified by the op argument, for I/O operations associated with the file indicated by the file descriptor aio_fildes member of the aiocb structure referenced by the aiocbp argument and queued at the time of the call to aio_fsync(). The function call shall return when the synchronization request has been initiated or queued to the file or device (even when the data cannot be synchronized immediately).
If op is O_DSYNC, all currently queued I/O operations shall be completed as if by a call to fdatasync(); that is, as defined for synchronized I/O data integrity completion.
If op is O_SYNC, all currently queued I/O operations shall be completed as if by a call to fsync(); that is, as defined for synchronized I/O file integrity completion. If the aio_fsync() function fails, or if the operation queued by aio_fsync() fails, then outstanding I/O operations are not guaranteed to have been completed.
If aio_fsync() succeeds, then it is only the I/O that was queued at the time of the call to aio_fsync() that is guaranteed to be forced to the relevant completion state. The completion of subsequent I/O on the file descriptor is not guaranteed to be completed in a synchronized fashion.
The aiocbp argument refers to an asynchronous I/O control block. The aiocbp value may be used as an argument to aio_error() and aio_return() in order to determine the error status and return status, respectively, of the asynchronous operation while it is proceeding. When the request is queued, the error status for the operation is [EINPROGRESS]. When all data has been successfully transferred, the error status shall be reset to reflect the success or failure of the operation. If the operation does not complete successfully, the error status for the operation shall be set to indicate the error. The aio_sigevent member determines the asynchronous notification to occur as specified in Section 2.4.1, Signal Generation and Delivery when all operations have achieved synchronized I/O completion. All other members of the structure referenced by aiocbp are ignored. If the control block referenced by aiocbp becomes an illegal address prior to asynchronous I/O completion, then the behavior is undefined.
If the aio_fsync() function fails or aiocbp indicates an error condition, data is not guaranteed to have been successfully transferred.
The aio_fsync() function shall return the value 0 if the I/O operation is successfully queued; otherwise, the function shall return the value −1 and set errno to indicate the error.
The aio_fsync() function shall fail if:
- The requested asynchronous operation was not queued due to temporary resource limitations.
- The aio_fildes member of the aiocb structure referenced by the aiocbp argument is not a valid file descriptor open for writing.
- This implementation does not support synchronized I/O for this file.
- The aio_fildes member of the aiocb structure refers to a file on which an fsync() operation is not possible.
In the event that any of the queued I/O operations fail, aio_fsync() shall return the error condition defined for read() and write(). The error is returned in the error status for the asynchronous operation, which can be retrieved using aio_error().
The following sections are informative.
fcntl(), fdatasync(), fsync(), open(), read(), write()
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <aio.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
- A value of op other than O_DSYNC or O_SYNC was specified, or O_DSYNC was specified and the implementation does not provide runtime support for the Synchronized Input and Output option, or O_SYNC was specified and the implementation does not provide runtime support for the File Synchronization option.
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