offsetof (3)

NAME

offsetof - offset of a structure member

SYNOPSIS

#include <stddef.h>
size_t offsetof(type, member);

DESCRIPTION

The macro offsetof() returns the offset of the field member from the start of the structure type.
This macro is useful because the sizes of the fields that compose a structure can vary across implementations, and compilers may insert different numbers of padding bytes between fields. Consequently, an element's offset is not necessarily given by the sum of the sizes of the previous elements.
A compiler error will result if member is not aligned to a byte boundary (i.e., it is a bit field).

RETURN VALUE

offsetof() returns the offset of the given member within the given type, in units of bytes.

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C89, C99.

EXAMPLE

On a Linux/i386 system, when compiled using the default gcc(1) options, the program below produces the following output:

$ ./a.out
offsets: i=0; c=4; d=8 a=16
sizeof(struct s)=16

Program source

#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
int main(void) { struct s { int i; char c; double d; char a[]; };
/* Output is compiler dependent */
printf("offsets: i=%zd; c=%zd; d=%zd a=%zd\n", offsetof(struct s, i), offsetof(struct s, c), offsetof(struct s, d), offsetof(struct s, a)); printf("sizeof(struct s)=%zd\n", sizeof(struct s));
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); }

Information

Source
Linux kernel
OS/version
GNU
Source updated
September 15, 2017
Page created
February 9, 2018
Page generated
December 2, 2018