ilogbf (3)

NAME

ilogb, ilogbf, ilogbl - get integer exponent of a floating-point value

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>
int ilogb(double x);
 
int ilogbf(float x);
 
int ilogbl(long double x);
Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
ilogb():
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
|| _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
 
ilogbf(), ilogbl():
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

These functions return the exponent part of their argument as a signed integer. When no error occurs, these functions are equivalent to the corresponding logb(3) functions, cast to int.

RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the exponent of x, as a signed integer.
If x is zero, then a domain error occurs, and the functions return FP_ILOGB0.
If x is a NaN, then a domain error occurs, and the functions return FP_ILOGBNAN.
If x is negative infinity or positive infinity, then a domain error occurs, and the functions return INT_MAX.

ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.
The following errors can occur:
Domain error: x is 0 or a NaN
An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised, and errno is set to EDOM (but see BUGS).
Domain error: x is an infinity
An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised, and errno is set to EDOM (but see BUGS).

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
Interface Attribute Value
ilogb (), ilogbf (), ilogbl () Thread safety MT-Safe

CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

BUGS

Before version 2.16, the following bugs existed in the glibc implementation of these functions:
*
The domain error case where x is 0 or a NaN did not cause errno to be set or (on some architectures) raise a floating-point exception.
*
The domain error case where x is an infinity did not cause errno to be set or raise a floating-point exception.

SEE ALSO

log(3), logb(3), significand(3)

Information

Source
Linux kernel
OS/version
Source updated
September 15, 2017
Page created
February 9, 2018
Page generated
December 2, 2018