For output streams, fflush() forces a write of all user-space buffered data for the given output or update stream via the stream's underlying write function.
For input streams associated with seekable files (e.g., disk files, but not pipes or terminals), fflush() discards any buffered data that has been fetched from the underlying file, but has not been consumed by the application.
The open status of the stream is unaffected.
If the stream argument is NULL, fflush() flushes all open output streams.
For a nonlocking counterpart, see unlocked_stdio(3).
Note that fflush() flushes only the user-space buffers provided by the C library. To ensure that the data is physically stored on disk the kernel buffers must be flushed too, for example, with sync(2) or fsync(2).