endservent (3)

NAME

getservent, getservbyname, getservbyport, setservent, endservent - get service entry

SYNOPSIS

#include <netdb.h>
struct servent *getservent(void);
struct servent *getservbyname(const char *name, const char *proto);
struct servent *getservbyport(int port, const char *proto);
void setservent(int stayopen);
void endservent(void);

DESCRIPTION

The getservent() function reads the next entry from the services database (see services(5)) and returns a servent structure containing the broken-out fields from the entry. A connection is opened to the database if necessary.
The getservbyname() function returns a servent structure for the entry from the database that matches the service name using protocol proto. If proto is NULL, any protocol will be matched. A connection is opened to the database if necessary.
The getservbyport() function returns a servent structure for the entry from the database that matches the port port (given in network byte order) using protocol proto. If proto is NULL, any protocol will be matched. A connection is opened to the database if necessary.
The setservent() function opens a connection to the database, and sets the next entry to the first entry. If stayopen is nonzero, then the connection to the database will not be closed between calls to one of the getserv*() functions.
The endservent() function closes the connection to the database.
The servent structure is defined in <netdb.h> as follows:

struct servent { char *s_name; /* official service name */ char **s_aliases; /* alias list */ int s_port; /* port number */ char *s_proto; /* protocol to use */
}

The members of the servent structure are:
s_name
The official name of the service.
s_aliases
A NULL-terminated list of alternative names for the service.
s_port
The port number for the service given in network byte order.
s_proto
The name of the protocol to use with this service.

RETURN VALUE

The getservent(), getservbyname() and getservbyport() functions return a pointer to a statically allocated servent structure, or NULL if an error occurs or the end of the file is reached.

FILES

/etc/services
services database file

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
Interface Attribute Value
getservent () Thread safety MT-Unsafe race:servent race:serventbuf locale
getservbyname () Thread safety MT-Unsafe race:servbyname locale
getservbyport () Thread safety MT-Unsafe race:servbyport locale
setservent (), endservent () Thread safety MT-Unsafe race:servent locale
 
In the above table, servent in race:servent signifies that if any of the functions setservent(), getservent(), or endservent() are used in parallel in different threads of a program, then data races could occur.

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, 4.3BSD.

SEE ALSO

getnetent(3), getprotoent(3), getservent_r(3), services(5)

Information

Source
Linux kernel
OS/version
GNU
Source updated
September 15, 2017
Page created
February 9, 2018
Page generated
December 2, 2018