set_tid_address (2)

NAME

set_tid_address - set pointer to thread ID

SYNOPSIS

#include <linux/unistd.h>
long set_tid_address(int *tidptr);
Note: There is no glibc wrapper for this system call; see NOTES.

DESCRIPTION

For each thread, the kernel maintains two attributes (addresses) called set_child_tid and clear_child_tid. These two attributes contain the value NULL by default.
set_child_tid
If a thread is started using clone(2) with the CLONE_CHILD_SETTID flag, set_child_tid is set to the value passed in the ctid argument of that system call.
When set_child_tid is set, the very first thing the new thread does is to write its thread ID at this address.
clear_child_tid
If a thread is started using clone(2) with the CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID flag, clear_child_tid is set to the value passed in the ctid argument of that system call.
The system call set_tid_address() sets the clear_child_tid value for the calling thread to tidptr.
When a thread whose clear_child_tid is not NULL terminates, then, if the thread is sharing memory with other threads, then 0 is written at the address specified in clear_child_tid and the kernel performs the following operation:

futex(clear_child_tid, FUTEX_WAKE, 1, NULL, NULL, 0);
The effect of this operation is to wake a single thread that is performing a futex wait on the memory location. Errors from the futex wake operation are ignored.

RETURN VALUE

set_tid_address() always returns the caller's thread ID.

ERRORS

set_tid_address() always succeeds.

VERSIONS

This call is present since Linux 2.5.48. Details as given here are valid since Linux 2.5.49.

CONFORMING TO

This system call is Linux-specific.

NOTES

Glibc does not provide a wrapper for this system call; call it using syscall(2).

SEE ALSO

clone(2), futex(2), gettid(2)

Information

Source
Linux kernel
OS/version
Linux
Source updated
September 15, 2017
Page created
February 9, 2018
Page generated
December 2, 2018