sched_get_priority_max() returns the maximum priority value that can be used with the scheduling algorithm identified by policy. sched_get_priority_min() returns the minimum priority value that can be used with the scheduling algorithm identified by policy. Supported policy values are SCHED_FIFO, SCHED_RR, SCHED_OTHER, SCHED_BATCH, SCHED_IDLE, and SCHED_DEADLINE. Further details about these policies can be found in sched(7).
Processes with numerically higher priority values are scheduled before processes with numerically lower priority values. Thus, the value returned by sched_get_priority_max() will be greater than the value returned by sched_get_priority_min().
Linux allows the static priority range 1 to 99 for the SCHED_FIFO and SCHED_RR policies, and the priority 0 for the remaining policies. Scheduling priority ranges for the various policies are not alterable.
The range of scheduling priorities may vary on other POSIX systems, thus it is a good idea for portable applications to use a virtual priority range and map it to the interval given by sched_get_priority_max() and sched_get_priority_min POSIX.1 requires a spread of at least 32 between the maximum and the minimum values for SCHED_FIFO and SCHED_RR.
POSIX systems on which sched_get_priority_max() and sched_get_priority_min() are available define _POSIX_PRIORITY_SCHEDULING in <unistd.h>.