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uudecode — decode a binary file
uudecode [−o outfile] [file]
The uudecode utility shall read a file, or standard input if no file is specified, that includes data created by the uuencode utility. The uudecode utility shall scan the input file, searching for data compatible with one of the formats specified in uuencode, and attempt to create or overwrite the file described by the data (or overridden by the −o option). The pathname shall be contained in the data or specified by the −o option. The file access permission bits and contents for the file to be produced shall be contained in that data. The mode bits of the created file (other than standard output) shall be set from the file access permission bits contained in the data; that is, other attributes of the mode, including the file mode creation mask (see umask), shall not affect the file being produced. If either of the op characters '+' and '−' (see chmod) are specified in symbolic mode, the initial mode on which those operations are based is unspecified.
If the pathname of the file to be produced exists, and the user does not have write permission on that file, uudecode shall terminate with an error. If the pathname of the file to be produced exists, and the user has write permission on that file, the existing file shall be overwritten.
If the input data was produced by uuencode on a system with a different number of bits per byte than on the target system, the results of uudecode are unspecified.
The uudecode utility shall conform to the Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines.
The following option shall be supported by the implementation:
The following operand shall be supported:
- −o outfile
- A pathname of a file that shall be used instead of any pathname contained in the input data. Specifying an outfile option-argument of /dev/stdout shall indicate standard output.
See the INPUT FILES section.
The input files shall be files containing the output of uuencode.
The following environment variables shall affect the execution of uudecode:
- The pathname of a file containing the output of uuencode.
- Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are unset or null. (See the Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 8.2, Internationalization Variables for the precedence of internationalization variables used to determine the values of locale categories.)
- If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the other internationalization variables.
- Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi-byte characters in arguments and input files).
Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error.
If the file data header encoded by uuencode is − or /dev/stdout, or the −o /dev/stdout option overrides the file data, the standard output shall be in the same format as the file originally encoded by uuencode. Otherwise, the standard output shall not be used.
The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.
The output file shall be in the same format as the file originally encoded by uuencode.
The following exit values shall be returned:
- Determine the location of message catalogs for the processing of LC_MESSAGES.
- Successful completion.
The following sections are informative.
The user who is invoking uudecode must have write permission on any file being created.
The output of uuencode is essentially an encoded bit stream that is not cognizant of byte boundaries. It is possible that a 9-bit byte target machine can process input from an 8-bit source, if it is aware of the requirement, but the reverse is unlikely to be satisfying. Of course, the only data that is meaningful for such a transfer between architectures is generally character data.
Input files are not necessarily text files, as stated by an early proposal. Although the uuencode output is a text file, that output could have been wrapped within another file or mail message that is not a text file.
The −o option is not historical practice, but was added at the request of WG15 so that the user could override the target pathname without having to edit the input data itself.
In early drafts, the [−o outfile] option-argument allowed the use of − to mean standard output. The symbol − has only been used previously in POSIX.1‐2008 as a standard input indicator. The standard developers did not wish to overload the meaning of − in this manner. The /dev/stdout concept exists on most modern systems. The /dev/stdout syntax does not refer to a new special file. It is just a magic cookie to specify standard output.
chmod, umask, uuencode
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Chapter 8, Environment Variables, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
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