timeout (1)

Quick Reference

Run a command with a time limit.

  • Run sleep 10 and kill it, if it's running after 3 seconds:

timeout {{3s}} {{sleep 10}}

  • Specify the signal to be sent to the command after the time limit expires. (By default, TERM is sent):

timeout --signal {{INT}} {{5s}} {{sleep 10}}

NAME

timeout - run a command with a time limit

SYNOPSIS

timeout [ OPTION] DURATION COMMAND [ARG]...
 
timeout [ OPTION]

DESCRIPTION

Start COMMAND, and kill it if still running after DURATION.
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
--preserve-status
exit with the same status as COMMAND, even when the
command times out
--foreground
when not running timeout directly from a shell prompt,
allow COMMAND to read from the TTY and get TTY signals; in this mode, children of COMMAND will not be timed out
-k, --kill-after=DURATION
also send a KILL signal if COMMAND is still running
this long after the initial signal was sent
-s, --signal=SIGNAL
specify the signal to be sent on timeout;
SIGNAL may be a name like 'HUP' or a number; see 'kill -l' for a list of signals
-v, --verbose
diagnose to stderr any signal sent upon timeout
--help
display this help and exit
--version
output version information and exit
DURATION is a floating point number with an optional suffix: 's' for seconds (the default), 'm' for minutes, 'h' for hours or 'd' for days.
If the command times out, and --preserve-status is not set, then exit with status 124. Otherwise, exit with the status of COMMAND. If no signal is specified, send the TERM signal upon timeout. The TERM signal kills any process that does not block or catch that signal. It may be necessary to use the KILL (9) signal, since this signal cannot be caught, in which case the exit status is 128+9 rather than 124.

BUGS

Some platforms don't currently support timeouts beyond the year 2038.

AUTHOR

Written by Padraig Brady.

REPORTING BUGS

GNU coreutils online help: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
 
Report timeout translation bugs to <https://translationproject.org/team/>

SEE ALSO

kill(1)
Full documentation at: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/timeout>
 
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) timeout invocation'

Information

Source
Coreutils
OS/version
GNU coreutils 8.29.13-0a854
Source updated
December 2, 2018
Page created
February 9, 2018
Page generated
December 2, 2018