rm (1)

Quick Reference

Remove files or directories.

  • Remove files from arbitrary locations:

rm {{path/to/file}} {{path/to/another/file}}

  • Recursively remove a directory and all its subdirectories:

rm -r {{path/to/folder}}

  • Forcibly remove a directory, without prompting for confirmation or showing error messages:

rm -rf {{path/to/folder}}

  • Interactively remove multiple files, with a prompt before every removal:

rm -i {{file(s)}}

  • Remove files in verbose mode, printing a message for each removed file:

rm -v {{path/to/folder/*}}

NAME

rm - remove files or directories

SYNOPSIS

rm [ OPTION]... [FILE]...

DESCRIPTION

This manual page documents the GNU version of rm. rm removes each specified file. By default, it does not remove directories.
If the -I or --interactive=once option is given, and there are more than three files or the -r, -R, or --recursive are given, then rm prompts the user for whether to proceed with the entire operation. If the response is not affirmative, the entire command is aborted.
Otherwise, if a file is unwritable, standard input is a terminal, and the -f or --force option is not given, or the -i or --interactive=always option is given, rm prompts the user for whether to remove the file. If the response is not affirmative, the file is skipped.

OPTIONS

Remove (unlink) the FILE(s).
-f, --force
ignore nonexistent files and arguments, never prompt
-i
prompt before every removal
-I
prompt once before removing more than three files, or when removing recursively; less intrusive than -i, while still giving protection against most mistakes
--interactive[=WHEN]
prompt according to WHEN: never, once (-I), or always ( -i); without WHEN, prompt always
--one-file-system
when removing a hierarchy recursively, skip any directory that is on a file system different from that of the corresponding command line argument
--no-preserve-root
do not treat '/' specially
--preserve-root
do not remove '/' (default)
-r, -R, --recursive
remove directories and their contents recursively
-d, --dir
remove empty directories
-v, --verbose
explain what is being done
--help
display this help and exit
--version
output version information and exit
By default, rm does not remove directories. Use the --recursive (-r or -R) option to remove each listed directory, too, along with all of its contents.
To remove a file whose name starts with a '-', for example '-foo', use one of these commands:
rm -- -foo
rm ./-foo
Note that if you use rm to remove a file, it might be possible to recover some of its contents, given sufficient expertise and/or time. For greater assurance that the contents are truly unrecoverable, consider using shred.

AUTHOR

Written by Paul Rubin, David MacKenzie, Richard M. Stallman, and Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS

GNU coreutils online help: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
 
Report rm translation bugs to <https://translationproject.org/team/>

SEE ALSO

unlink(1), unlink(2), chattr(1), shred(1)
Full documentation at: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/rm>
 
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) rm invocation'

Information

Source
Coreutils
OS/version
GNU coreutils 8.29.13-0a854
Source updated
December 2, 2018
Page created
February 9, 2018
Page generated
December 2, 2018