install (1)

Quick Reference

Copy files and set attributes. Copy files (often executable) to a system location like /usr/local/bin, give them the appropriate permissions/ownership.

  • Copy files to destination:

install {{path/to/source}} {{path/to/destination}}

  • Copy files to destination, setting their ownership:

install -o {{user}} {{path/to/source}} {{path/to/destination}}

  • Copy files to destination, setting their group ownership:

install -g {{user}} {{path/to/source}} {{path/to/destination}}

  • Copy files to destination, setting their mode:

install -m {{+x}} {{path/to/source}} {{path/to/destination}}

  • Copy files and apply access/modification times of source to destination:

install -p {{path/to/source}} {{path/to/destination}}

NAME

install - copy files and set attributes

SYNOPSIS

install [ OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
 
install [ OPTION]... SOURCE... DIRECTORY
 
install [ OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...
 
install [ OPTION]... -d DIRECTORY...

DESCRIPTION

This install program copies files (often just compiled) into destination locations you choose. If you want to download and install a ready-to-use package on a GNU/Linux system, you should instead be using a package manager like yum(1) or apt-get(1).
In the first three forms, copy SOURCE to DEST or multiple SOURCE(s) to the existing DIRECTORY, while setting permission modes and owner/group. In the 4th form, create all components of the given DIRECTORY(ies).
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
--backup[=CONTROL]
make a backup of each existing destination file
-b
like --backup but does not accept an argument
-c
(ignored)
-C, --compare
compare each pair of source and destination files, and in some cases, do not modify the destination at all
-d, --directory
treat all arguments as directory names; create all components of the specified directories
-D
create all leading components of DEST except the last, or all components of --target-directory, then copy SOURCE to DEST
-g, --group=GROUP
set group ownership, instead of process' current group
-m, --mode=MODE
set permission mode (as in chmod), instead of rwxr-xr-x
-o, --owner=OWNER
set ownership (super-user only)
-p, --preserve-timestamps
apply access/modification times of SOURCE files to corresponding destination files
-s, --strip
strip symbol tables
--strip-program=PROGRAM
program used to strip binaries
-S, --suffix=SUFFIX
override the usual backup suffix
-t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY
-T, --no-target-directory
treat DEST as a normal file
-v, --verbose
print the name of each directory as it is created
--preserve-context
preserve SELinux security context
-Z
set SELinux security context of destination file and each created directory to default type
--context[=CTX]
like -Z, or if CTX is specified then set the SELinux or SMACK security context to CTX
--help
display this help and exit
--version
output version information and exit
The backup suffix is '~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable. Here are the values:
none, off
never make backups (even if --backup is given)
numbered, t
make numbered backups
existing, nil
numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
simple, never
always make simple backups

AUTHOR

Written by David MacKenzie.

REPORTING BUGS

GNU coreutils online help: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
 
Report install translation bugs to <https://translationproject.org/team/>

SEE ALSO

Full documentation at: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/install>
 
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) install invocation'

Information

Source
Coreutils
OS/version
GNU coreutils 8.29.13-0a854
Source updated
December 2, 2018
Page created
February 9, 2018
Page generated
December 2, 2018