dirname (1)

Quick Reference

Calculates the parent directory of a given file or directory path.

  • Calculate the parent directory of a given path:

dirname {{path/to/file_or_directory}}

  • Calculate the parent directory of multiple paths:

dirname {{path/to/file_a}} {{path/to/directory_b}}

  • Delimit output with a NUL character instead of a newline (useful when combining with xargs):

dirname --zero {{path/to/directory_a}} {{path/to/file_b}}

NAME

dirname - strip last component from file name

SYNOPSIS

dirname [ OPTION] NAME...

DESCRIPTION

Output each NAME with its last non-slash component and trailing slashes removed; if NAME contains no /'s, output '.' (meaning the current directory).
-z, --zero
end each output line with NUL, not newline
--help
display this help and exit
--version
output version information and exit

EXAMPLES

dirname /usr/bin/
-> "/usr"
dirname dir1/str dir2/str
-> "dir1" followed by "dir2"
dirname stdio.h
-> "."

AUTHOR

Written by David MacKenzie and Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS

GNU coreutils online help: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
 
Report dirname translation bugs to <https://translationproject.org/team/>

SEE ALSO

basename(1), readlink(1)
Full documentation at: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/dirname>
 
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) dirname invocation'

Information

Source
Coreutils
OS/version
GNU coreutils 8.29.13-0a854
Source updated
December 2, 2018
Page created
February 9, 2018
Page generated
December 2, 2018