chgrp (1)

Quick Reference

Change group ownership of files and folders.

  • Change the owner of a file/folder:

chgrp {{group}} {{path/to/file}}

  • Recursively change the owner of a folder and its contents:

chgrp -R {{group}} {{path/to/folder}}

  • Change the owner of a symbolic link:

chgrp -h {{user}} {{path/to/symlink}}

  • Change the owner of a file/folder to match a reference file:

chgrp --reference={{path/to/reference_file}} {{path/to/file}}


chgrp - change group ownership


chgrp [ OPTION]... GROUP FILE...
chgrp [ OPTION]... --reference=RFILE FILE...


Change the group of each FILE to GROUP. With --reference, change the group of each FILE to that of RFILE.
-c, --changes
like verbose but report only when a change is made
-f, --silent, --quiet
suppress most error messages
-v, --verbose
output a diagnostic for every file processed
affect the referent of each symbolic link (this is the default), rather than the symbolic link itself
-h, --no-dereference
affect symbolic links instead of any referenced file (useful only on systems that can change the ownership of a symlink)
do not treat '/' specially (the default)
fail to operate recursively on '/'
use RFILE's group rather than specifying a GROUP value
-R, --recursive
operate on files and directories recursively
The following options modify how a hierarchy is traversed when the -R option is also specified. If more than one is specified, only the final one takes effect.
if a command line argument is a symbolic link to a directory, traverse it
traverse every symbolic link to a directory encountered
do not traverse any symbolic links (default)
display this help and exit
output version information and exit


chgrp staff /u
Change the group of /u to "staff".
chgrp -hR staff /u
Change the group of /u and subfiles to "staff".


Written by David MacKenzie and Jim Meyering.


GNU coreutils online help: <>
Report chgrp translation bugs to <>


chown(1), chown(2)
Full documentation at: <>
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) chgrp invocation'


GNU coreutils 8.29.13-0a854
Source updated
December 2, 2018
Page created
February 9, 2018
Page generated
December 2, 2018